World leaders argue for and against sanctions to curb North Korea's behavior

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President Donald Trump has discussed North Korea's strongest nuclear test yet with Chinese President Xi Jinping (shee jihn-peeng), as the US proposes crippling new sanctions and world leaders tussle over whether pressure or dialogue is the best way to rein in the rogue nation.

Rattled by the test, South Korea on Tuesday conducted live-fire exercises at sea in its second straight day of military display.

Russian President Vladimir Putin refrained from criticizing US President Donald Trump at a news conference in China on Tuesday, but said a decision to shutter Russian diplomatic outposts in the US was poorly handled.

During his talks with world leaders, Moon stressed that the time has come for the global community to impose sanctions that are more than just a slap on the wrist.

Declaring that "enough is enough", Haley said existing measures not worked and accused North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un of "begging for war" with the country's sixth and most powerful nuclear test. "It could lead to global catastrophe with lots of victims".

"They would rather eat grass but will not give up the [nuclear] program if they do not feel safe", Putin was quoted by The Associated Press as saying.

"The last missile test fired directly up into the atmosphere - they can test missile distance without firing over land - this one started because they want to test the distance over land", said Mr Thomas-Noone.

Moon also told Trump that his government will provide full support to complete the US military's deployment of the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (Thaad) antimissile system in the South.

Moon took office in May calling for a diplomatic focus, but the torrid pace of North Korea's weapons tests had hardened his government's stance.

Earlier on Wednesday, the Russian president warned against cornering North Korea, and reiterated Moscow's stance that sanctions against the regime in Pyongyang would not help resolve the problems on the Korean peninsula. "Stopping oil supply to North Korea is inevitable".

Meanwhile, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin suggested the United States would continue to strengthen the economic pressure on North Korea, adding that a package of new sanctions against Pyongyang will be submitted to the President soon.

The military imported Taurus missiles and bunker buster bombs to target the North's underground facilities.

South Korea's defense ministry, which warned on Monday that North Korea was ready to launch an ICBM at any time, said it was not able to confirm the report.

Russian President Vladimir Putin at the event said that he is neither Trump's wife nor husband.

South Korea and the United States are technically still at war with North Korea after the 1950-53 Korean conflict ended with a truce, not a peace treaty.

Russia's exports of crude oil to North Korea were tiny at about 40,000 tonnes a year, Putin said.

Since the Korean War, Beijing has avoided prodding North Korea to the point it might collapse, fearing a destabilising economic blow and the possibility of the USA military gaining influence on its border via a unified Korea.

The stand-off between North Korea and the US has become the most unsafe foreign crisis facing US President Donald Trump, as the isolated state accelerates its programme to develop weapons of mass destruction.

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