By providing key information on "the impact of learning across countries; the financial and human resources invested in education... and the learning environment and organization of schools", the OECD aims to help governments improve their schools and universities and make them more accessible to all.
A Scottish Government spokesman said: "Overall, the OECD report shows Scottish teachers' salaries remain competitive with other countries".
However, the time Japanese teachers spend on teaching activities is 742 hours at elementary schools, 610 hours at junior high schools and 511 hours at high schools, all below their respective OECD averages.
"On average across OECD countries the difference in employment rates between general and vocational tracks at upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level is 10 percentage points", the OECD said.
The report showed that between 2010 and 2015, among countries for which data are available, Israel recorded one of the largest increases in salaries for 25- to 64-year-old high-school teachers.
The report also compares teacher salaries across OECD countries. The OECD average amount spent by educational institutions per primary student amounted to $8,733 (€7,301).
For a woman, the net public benefit was $US42,800 compared to the OECD average of $US83,400. On average, total working time for teachers averaged 1,263 hours in Israel, while the OECD average was 1,611 hours. Francisco Garcia, head of Federation of Teaching CCOO explains that work "37.5 hours a week, as rest of officials".
Teachers' salaries across the developed world rose over the decade by 10 per cent at pre-primary level, 6 per cent at primary level and lower...
Teacher pay: Primary teachers after 15 years' service earned nearly exactly the same in 2015 ($59,259 at today's exchange rate) as the OECD average ($59,152), but much less than in Australia ($81,918). "Without action to tackle the factors driving teachers out of the profession, the United Kingdom will not be able to sustain the world-class education system needed to compete with the rest of the world".
Ireland's student to staff ratio at third level is equally above the OECD average.
The report comes as Labour campaigns for next week's election on a platform of scrapping fees for a lifetime entitlement of three years of tertiary education by 2024, starting with one year free next year.
Commenting on the findings, Baljinder Kuller, Managing Director of online supply teacher portal, The Supply Register, said: "These reports reflect what the school leaders we work with are seeing on the ground - the education sector is being hit heavily by slow growth in real-term pay".
"According to the report: "Typical gender imbalances in education are even more prevalent in Israel", showing that women perform better than men at higher levels of education but are less likely to enroll in scientific fields and suffer poorer employment outcomes".
Eight percent of New Zealand tertiary students were enrolled in engineering and manufacturing subjects, almost half the OECD average of 14 percent, while enrolments in arts and humanities accounted for 12 percent of tertiary enrolments.