This stops the pancreas from producing insulin, and also producing proteins needed to digest food and other hormones. 88% of these cases were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and only 3% were diagnosed with type 3c diabetes. Islet autoimmunity, detected by antibodies that appear when the immune system attacks the islet cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, is a precursor to type 1 diabetes.
The combination of increased likelihood of poor glycemic control and accelerated requirement for insulin suggests that patients with diabetes following pancreatic disease may benefit from more frequent review than is normally necessitated in type 2 diabetes.
This is important since treatment may be slightly different for those with type 3c.
Digestive enzymes can be taken as a tablet with meals and snacks.
Researchers and specialist doctors have recently become concerned that type 3c diabetes might be much more common than previously thought and that many cases are not being correctly identified.
For this reason, scientists at the University of Surrey chose to investigate how common type 3c really is.
We also looked into how well people with this type of diabetes have their blood sugar controlled.
Dr. Chris Woodmansy from the University of Surrey in the United Kingdom and several colleagues performed a retrospective analysis of over 2 million patients' records in England. "To our knowledge, preceding pancreatic disease has never been systematically identified in a cohort of people with diabetes in primary care, and thus the comparative incidence and clinical characteristics of diabetes of the exocrine pancreas remain uncertain", explained lead author Chris Woodmansey. These cases of diabetes are likely to be cases of type 3c diabetes. Of the total number of adult-onset cases, type 3c accounts for a very small number of cases. They were also five to ten times more likely to need insulin, depending on their type of pancreas disease. In many cases more than a decade later.
By now, everyone who's interested knows that there are 2 main types of diabetes - type 1 (in which the pancreas doesn't produce insulin) and type 2 (in which body tissues don't or can't respond appropriately to insulin), typically seen in adults. Misdiagnosis, therefore, can waste time and money attempting ineffective treatments while exposing the patient to high blood sugar levels.