They included pneumonia, tuberculosis and gonorrhoea. Firstly, antibiotics should only be prescribed by qualified health professionals.
"We are all responsible for preserving the effectiveness of the only effective antibiotics we have left, whether we prescribe, dispense, provide advice or need to take them", concludes Soko.
Antibiotic Awareness Week, which starts November 13 and ends November 19., is a chance to inform people about the proper use of antibiotics.
One of the most important developments in modern medicine has been the discovery and use of antibiotics, drugs used to treat and prevent bacterial infections, by either killing bacteria or inhibiting their growth.The discovery of penicillin, for example, is considered by many to be the most important discovery of the twentieth century, and while it is impossible to quantify how many people have escaped death because of the drug, it has been estimated to have saved at least 200 million lives.
During a press conference at a national-level Veterinary Day event in 2016, Malaysian Veterinary Services Department director-general Datuk Dr. Kamarudin Md Isa said the use of antibiotics on livestock was still needed, as similar to humans, farm animals also suffer from ailments such as fever, flu and cough. People can hand in their unused or out of date antibiotics at any of the Trust's Lloyds outpatient pharmacies based at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, Charing Cross Hospital in Hammersmith and Hammersmith Hospital in Acton, until Wednesday 1 December. This system can be utilised by researchers to track and study changes in antibiotic resistance among several bacteria that are normally transmitted through food.
With a few exceptions, antibiotics are for treating bacterial infections. So, attempting to treat the common cold, influenza or herpes, all viral infections, with antibiotics, is a waste of time.
If you do get prescribed antibiotics, use them exactly as advised. Therefore, left over antibiotics should not be shared between family and friends or using left over antibiotics from a previous illness.
Wellington GP Dr Cathy Stephenson says it's crucial to work out whether or not a person really needs an antibiotic. Quantities of antibiotics used for therapeutic purposes increased up to 223 %.
The International Poultry Council also questioned WHO's stance on antibiotics, noting that "the IPC is very concerned that the World Health Organization guidelines inappropriately tie the hands of producers and limit their options for using antimicrobials for prevention, control and treatment of diseases based on specific need".