Also on Tuesday, two Palestinian militants were confirmed dead after an explosion in the Gaza Strip, the Gaza Health Ministry said.
The strikes came hours after Israel's missile defense system intercepted two rockets fired from Gaza.
The Israeli military said it will close border crossings into Gaza beginning Thursday until further notice "due to the security events and in accordance with security assessments".
The Israeli military says it has carried out a series of airstrikes on Hamas facilities in the Gaza Strip in response to new rocket attacks. Israel has closed border crossings when tensions are high, some which have not been reopened to date.
"I hope the residents of Gaza will force their leadership to invest their efforts and money in improving the strip's economy rather than digging tunnels, producing rockets and firing them at Israel", Lieberman added.
The shelling was carried out after the discovery of the missile that was sacked towards Israel from the Palestinian territory.
Despite the lack of casualties or damage on the Israeli side, the IDF launched a fierce retaliation, striking three Hamas military installations.
Hamas' long time opposition to Israel's occupation seems to have paid-off in the form of popular support among the Palestinians, especially in wake the of the U.S. president's decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
The Trump administration upended that logic, casting the step as a "recognition of reality" that Jerusalem has always been the seat of the Israeli government.
"They should recognise another fact concerning Jerusalem: It is not only the capital of Israel, but we also maintain respect in Jerusalem for the freedom of worship for all religions, and we are the ones in the Middle East who do this like no one else".
"We are determined to protect and preserve the historical status and sanctity of Jerusalem", Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said. During the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel captured the territory and later annexed it, declaring Jerusalem united. Under worldwide law, the area is considered to be occupied territory.