Also, his strike-rate of 150-plus during the Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy, which saw him score two fifties as well, put him under the selectors' radar.
On predicted lines, top fast bowling duo of Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Jasprit Bumrah have been rested along with all-rounder Hardik Pandya after they shared enormous workload on the South Africa tour. Shikhar Dhawan will be his deputy in a side that has as many as six changes.
Also making comebacks were Deepak Hooda, Washington Sundar and Rishabh Pant.
Mohammed Siraj returned to the squad after being having ignored for the South Africa T20Is.
Former captain Dhoni had requested for a break ahead of the series, which also features Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
Talking about the team, Mr MSK Prasad, Chairman, All-India Senior Selection Committee said, "We've kept in mind the workload and upcoming schedule while finalizing the team for Nidahas Trophy".
India squad: Rohit Sharma (captain), Shikhar Dhawan (vice-captain), KL Rahul, Suresh Raina, Manish Pandey, Dinesh Karthik (wicketkeeper), Deepak Hooda, Washington Sundar, Yuzvendra Chahal, Axar Patel, Vijay Shankar, Shardul Thakur, Jaydev Unadkat, Mohammad Siraj and Rishabh Pant (wicketkeeper). "The high-performance team has suggested that adequate rest should be given to our fast bowlers to help improve athletic performance, maximise rest and prevent injury".
The Karnataka captain was back in form once the Ranji Trophy season began as he scored 612 runs in 11 innings at an average of 68 with three centuries and one half-century to his name.
India will be a part of the curtain raiser of the Nidahas Trophy, against Sri Lanka on March 6.