India says it has contained Nipah virus

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What are the signs and symptoms of Nipah viral infection?

The Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala is affecting the state's tourism industry, with numerous tourism destinations witnessing cancellations.

According to the World Health Organization, the fruit bat is the natural host of the virus and often do not display any symptoms.

Meanwhile, a health ministry official said that as all means of transport can't be blocked, the state would have to prepare itself to take preventive measures. This Kerala PSC decision is happening after Kerala Government has made a decision to not to conduct any public programmes in Kozhikode after the outbreak of Nipah virus, which has claimed 12 lives so far.

"We've sought the help of private hospitals to tide over the crisis", said the official, U.V. Jose. The hospital authorities cremated her body at an electric crematorium. Fruit bats commonly drop partially eaten saliva-laden fruits which are consumed by domesticated animals such as cows, pigs, goats etc.

The government was also taking steps to make Ribavarin tablets, which had been found to be somewhat effective in fighting Nipah virus, in sufficient quantities to check the fever outbreak. The crews have since sealed the well with florescent nets, according to BBC News. The immediate relatives of nurse Lini, who attended to affected patients and died, were also not given quarantine treatment, they added.

Lini, who was aware about the seriousness of her illness, had scribbled an emotional last letter to Sajeesh saying, "I am nearly on the way". I don't think I will see you again. Lini had died of viral fever caused by Nipah virus after she had cared for a Nipah victim at the Perambra taluk hospital.

Nipah virus what are the symptoms and how is it spread
Getty nimal Husbandry department and Forest officials inspect a well to to catch bats in Kozhikode

Almost 300 people were diagnosed with the disease, and more than 100 of them died, according to the CDC.

There is no vaccination for the virus which induces flu-like symptoms that lead to an agonising encephalitis and coma.

Who are the major carriers of the virus?

Henk Bekedam, WHO's representative to India, said the agency is monitoring the outbreak.

Eight of the dead are from Kerala's Kozhikode district, the hub of the outbreak, where multiple members of one family were the first to be infected. "The situation remains under control", the advisory said. It has a mortality rate of 70 per cent and there is no vaccine or cure.

As in the case of the first outbreak in 1998, bats may pass the virus to other animals and livestock, which can then pass it on to humans.

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