The Russian president and the Israeli prime minister held a meeting in Moscow on July 11, which Netanyahu described as "very important".
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov met in Jerusalem with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Monday in talks focusing on the Iranian presence in Syria.
The talks, Netanyahu said in a statement, would tackle "regional issues - first and foremost, the situation in Syria".
Also on Sunday, hundreds of Syrian "White Helmet" rescue workers and their families fled advancing government forces and slipped over the border into Jordan with the help of Israeli soldiers and Western powers.
Netanyahu has also pledged to keep Iran from entrenching itself militarily in neighbouring Syria, where Tehran is supporting President Bashar al-Assad in his country's civil war.
The David's Sling's two interceptor missiles were launched as a precautionary measure when the system calculated that the Syrian projectiles were likely to hit northern Israel, near the Sea of Galilee.
It is known that this visit was agreed during a telephone conversation between Netanyahu and the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on 20 July.
"They are a significant factor within Syria", said the official.
[For its own part], Russian Federation agrees to keep Iranian troops and proxy groups [about 50 or 60 miles] from Israel's border (if it can), and Putin promises not to object if Israel strikes Iranian assets in southern Syria, especially if Iran deploys weapons that threaten Israel, such as strategic missiles or anti-aircraft systems.
Throughout the day, Reuters witnesses on the Golan Heights heard explosions and saw plumes of smoke rising from Syrian territory. When Israeli sensors realised they would land on the Syrian side, David's Sling was given an abort order for the interceptors to self-destruct in mid-air.
When asked about the reports of the air strike, an Israeli military spokeswoman said: "We do not comment on foreign reports".