The reported IL cases are preliminary diagnoses and only the U.S. Centers for Disease Control can confirm the diagnosis, according to Arnold.
"Some children have persisting swallowing problems so they're still dealing with the complications of using a feeding tube".
"We have 41 cases of children who have had some sort of illness of enterovirus A71, which is causing a wide spectrum of neurological illness", Herlihy said.
The Illinois Department of Public Health announced Wednesday that health care providers in the state have reported nine clinically-diagnosed cases of a rare condition that afflicts the nervous system, in particular the spinal cord.
More and more cases of a rare polio-like illness are being reported across the country, according to news reports. According to the CDC, the largest number of cases, about 50, were reported in September 2014 before dropping to single digits in following months.
AFM is a weakening of the nerves that causes partial paralysis in children. Symptoms typically include sudden weakness in one or more arms or legs, along with loss of muscle tone and decreased or absent reflexes. "We'll continue to investigate and share information when we have it".
At this point, doctors aren't required to report cases to the state, so it's possible there are others.
AFM cases first spiked in the United States in August 2014.
Even with extensive lab testing, AFM is hard to diagnose, because it so similar to other conditions, including poliovirus, West Nile virus and adenoviruses, the CDC reports. Most cases are in children.
"What we don't know is why these common cold symptoms, why in some individuals does it turn into AFM that's where the mystery lies", said Dr. Sinner.
However, 11 of the Colorado cases of AFM have tested positive for EV A71, a rare type of enterovirus not usually seen in the USA but instead in Asia and other parts of the world, according to Dr. Rachel Herlihy, the Colorado state epidemiologist.
While there is no cure, health experts say you should take preventative measures including washing your hands or coughing into your elbow.
In 2017, 33 cases were reported in 16 states.