Inside are cotton, potato, and arabidopsis seeds - a plant of the mustard family - as well as fruit fly eggs and yeast. Rather, they could harvest and grow their food on the moon.
It is the first time a soft landing has been performed on the Moon's far side - also known as the dark side because it faces away from Earth and remains comparatively unknown - due to challenges relaying signals. A People's Daily tweet said the test photo, "marks the completion of humankind's first biological experiment on the moon".
China will seek to establish an global lunar base one day, possibly using 3D printing technology to build facilities, the Chinese space agency said Monday, weeks after landing a rover on the moon's far side.
Like this story? Share it with a friend! And because lunar eclipses can occur only during a full moon - and the first full moon in January is known as a "wolf moon" - many are calling this spectacular event a "Super Blood Wolf Moon Eclipse".
The China National Space Administration is working to send a probe to the Red Planet, said Wu Yanhua, deputy chief of the agency.
Wu Weiren, general designer of China's lunar exploration program, said that three major aspects will be carried out by Chang'e 4 as the mission transfers from the commissioning phase to the scientific exploration phase. It then released the Yutu-2 rover onto the surface to examine geological features and explore for resources.
China's Chongqing University, who led the experiment along with 28 other universities, published pictures of the growing sprouts on their Weibo account. Launch payloads could be reduced if crews could grow food during the trip and the photosynthesis process could reduce carbon dioxide, help manage moisture levels within the spacecraft, and of course, produce breathable air.
The state-run China Daily said that was the first such form of cooperation since the 2011 U.S. law was enacted.