Monday marks World Cancer Day

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Over 9.6 million People die each year from cancer which is more than HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. It is in the same cancer-causing category as tobacco and asbestos.

The remaining 90% of those left over will develop a cancer symptom, such as a seizure resulting from a brain tumour or a lump resulting in breast cancer and will consult their GP.

Indonesian healthcare professional wears Disney character Donald Duck costume while delivering gifts to cancer patient during the event on World Cancer Day at the Kariadi Hospital in Semarang, Indonesia, February 4, 2015. Studies in high-income countries have shown that treatment for early-diagnosed cancer patients is two to four times less expensive than treating those diagnosed with advanced-stage cancer. I've worked on research mapping out the symptoms that a GP is most likely to see in their surgery and which cancers they relate to.

In the US, the chance of a women diagnosed with cervical cancer at the advanced stage living for at least five years is 15 percent. While talking to the Standard on September 16, 2015, during the launch of cancer awareness in Nairobi, Kenya Cancer Association Ann Korir described the challenges causing deaths as follows: "Why are people dying of cancer".

Blood appearing in wee or poo can also be a sign of colon cancer or prostate or bladder cancer.

More importantly, China's cancer spectrum is significantly different from that of developed countries. Everything should be done to make citizens go to preventive check-ups and screenings as early detection and timely diagnosis make the disease curable.

The slogan of Japan's cancer detection is "the sooner cancer is detected, the better it is treated".

The writer is Consultant Medical Oncologist at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre. The primary goal of World Cancer Day is to significantly reduce illness and death caused by cancer and it is an opportunity to rally the worldwide community to end the injustice of preventable suffering from cancer.

How will China deal with the serious problem of cancer?

Lack of appetite and unexpected weight loss can take place prior to diagnosis, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS), though these could also signal other conditions like diabetes. While seeking new multidisciplinary treatments, we need to learn how to prevent and screen cancer. "Approximately 30-50% of cancers can be prevented if these policies are maximally implemented". With the chances of a cancer diagnosis higher than ever before, it's only sensible that people make sure they are prepared for the worst. But are we doing enough locally to create a first-line-of-defence against cancer in Samoa?

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