Before the vaccine's introduction in 1963, there were four million measles cases in the US every year, with 48,000 hospitalizations and 500 deaths.
The highly contagious virus spreads through the air and can linger for up to two hours in an isolated space.
Before mass vaccination, 400 to 500 people in the US died of the measles every year. If you are not sure if you are immune to measles, you can get a blood test to find out. To create "herd immunity" that helps protect those who can't get the vaccine (such as young infants or those with weak immune systems), you need about 95% vaccination, so the 94% isn't flawless - and in some states and communities, that number is even lower. And the measles virus is one of the most infectious diseases out there. People who have never received a measles vaccine are susceptible to the disease, which can be deadly.To further limit the spread of the virus, health officials ask that people who think they might have measles call their doctor or health care provider before visiting a hospital or doctor's office. With areas such as Clark County, Washington, having a meager 78 percent vaccination rate, those so critically dependent on herd immunity don't stand a chance. High fever, rash all over the body, stuffy nose and reddened eyes are typical measles symptoms, though these usually disappear without treatment within two or three weeks.
A 2017 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that only 83 percent of OR adolescents had received their booster shots against tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough. An additional case was confirmed in King County, which includes Seattle, and in Multnomah County, Oregon, which includes Portland and lies across the Columbia River from Clark County.
Five measles cases were reported in Harris, Montgomery and Galveston country earlier this week. Around the globe, measles infections were responsible for 110,000 deaths in 2017, the most recent statistical year. One victim had had one MMR vaccine, but not a follow-up shot. Majority were children under 5.
The important thing is that you and your family are protected against a preventable disease and consult your doctor if you're unsure.
With any medicine, including vaccines, there is a chance of reactions, according to the CDC.
"More than 240 million doses of measles vaccine were given in the US from 1963 through 1993", explained Dr. One patient did receive a vaccination against MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), but the health agency declined to provide more details on that case "to protect the patient's privacy".