Israel seeks to become the fourth country in the world, after Russian Federation, the United States and China, to land a spacecraft on the moon. "You have a spacecraft bound for the moon". Third, the spacecraft will have to manage the extreme conditions existing in space.
The spacecraft will slingshot around Earth for about six weeks, firing thrusters to stretch out its orbit with every pass until it can be captured by the moon's gravity. With four splayed legs, it is set to touch down gently on the lunar surface in the lunar sea Mare Serenitatis on the Northern hemisphere.
Israel will join the ranks of United States, China, and Russian Federation if Beresheet successfully lands on the lunar surface.
S5, built by Blue Canyon Technologies of Boulder, Colorado, is created to study the space environment, evaluating if low-priced satellites can improve knowledge of objects in geostationary orbit 36,000 kilometers above the Earth.
On Thursday evening, SpaceX launched its first rocket of the year from Cape Canaveral, and tucked inside was the first lunar lander built with mostly private money.
The spacecraft likewise has an instrument in a collaboration with NASA.
But the most notable item aboard the rocket, which launched at 5:45 p.m. California time, was the Israeli Beresheet lunar lander.
It has been funded mainly by Morris Kahn, a philanthropist and businessman who took the lead in completing the mission, serving as SpaceIL's president and financing $40 million, says the organization. Its creators expect it will land on the lunar surface on April 11.
The State of Israel, which has announced the project as a national project, should leverage this in order to inspire young people, from the age of 4.
Since the establishment of SpaceIL, its representatives have met over one million students throughout the country.
Co-founder of the Scholarship Project, Michael Potter remarked, "Ilan Ramon inspired an entire nation, and it is only fitting that his scholarship has sparked not only such an historic achievement for Israel, but has energized the next generation to use their talents to reach the stars".
Upon landing, Beresheet should transmit data from the moon for about two days.
"Israel is a very small country".
Another significant opportunity lies in the progress of science and research.
Both NASA and the Israeli Space Agency provided the mission with technological assistance.
Other partners are IAI, Israel's space agency its Ministry of Science and Technology.
The United States, the former Soviet Union and China are the only three nations to date to have achieved controlled "soft" landings of spacecraft on the lunar surface. That launch would be part of SpaceX's continual work with NASA to launch astronauts to space and will be a demonstration uncrewed test launch.
Israeli Aerospace Industries director of Space division Opher Doron speaks in front a spacecraft weighing some 585 kilogrammes (1,300 pounds) during a presentation by Israeli nonprofit SpaceIL ...
Beresheet will carry a "time capsule" loaded with digital files containing a Bible, children's drawings, Israeli songs, memories of a Holocaust survivor and the blue-and-white Israeli flag.