Marta, a 33-year-old forward, missed Sunday's match with a left thigh injury she suffered last month in training.
And it was a successful day for all involved with Brazil as it strolled to victory, with Cristiane the star of the show in Grenoble.
The South Americans continued to create chances and could have doubled their lead after earning a penalty for handball by Jamaica defender Allyson Swaby, but Schneider saved Andressa's tame effort on goal seven minutes before the break.
Nikita Parris - who plays her club football in France for Champions League winners Lyon - lashed home from the spot, with Ellen White netting England's second five minutes before half-time.
The 34-year-old sealed her hat-trick with a superb free-kick.
They begin their campaign with a challenge against Jamaica which they should win yet progressively troublesome tests lie in wait against Australia and Italy for the side remaining in tenth in the world rankings.
For once Schneider was caught out early in the second half, unable to reach a low cross from Andressa, who steered the ball in from the right and Cristiane slid in to finish.
The 41-year-old midfielder plays her club football for Paris Saint-Germain and came out of her worldwide retirement, announced in 2016, to give herself a chance of being involved in this summer's tournament and one final shot at lifting the coveted trophy.
Brazil stopped a nine-game losing streak that began with a 4-1 defeat to the USA last August 2. Indeed, it has won these eight games by an aggregate score of 23-1.
Jamaica's most risky player was Khadija Shaw who was denied a first-half equaliser by a one-handed save from Barbara.
Jamaica's Khadija "Bunny" Shaw pointed to inexperience after the Reggae Girlz suffered a 3-0 defeat to Brazil in their first-ever FIFA Women's World Cup match yesterday.
- Cristiane's treble is the first by a Brazilian in a Women's World Cup match since June 1999, when both Sissi and Pretinha scored hat tricks in Brazil's 7-1 victory over Mexico.